- Maladaptive patterns of behaviour, thinking and control of emotions.
- Disturbance is enduring and not limited to episodes of mental illness.
- Disorder leads to considerable personal distress and/or significant problems in occupational and social functioning.
- Early manifestations (eg conduct disorder) may appear in childhood, but Personality disorder should not be diagnosed in someone under the age of 18.
ICD-10 recognizes nine subcategories of Personality disorder, each with its own set of diagnostic criteria. They fall into three groups:
- Group A: Paranoid and schizoid; characterized by oddness, difficulty mixing with others and paranoid thinking
- Group B: Dissocial, emotionally unstable (impulsive type and borderline type) and histrionic; characterized by problems with impulse control, affect regulation and relationship instability
- Group C: Anankastic, anxious and dependent; characterized by anxiety, excessive dependency on others and obsessional behaviour.
Last edited: 4/12/2003
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